KELPALM
Kerala State Palmyrah Products Development and workers’
Welfare Corporation Limited.
NEWS FLASH  Kerla State Palmyrah Products Development and Worker’s welfare Corporation Limited [KELPALM] was Formatted in 1985 with an overall objective of developing the palmyrah based industry, its cultivation and thereby improving the economy well being of Palmyrah workers
CRAFTS AND FIBRE
Kelpalm Fibre
 
We are one of the major exporters of Palmyra fibre from southern India . Our palmyra fibres are of superior quality with reasonable price . Palmyra Fibre, or Bassine as it is more commonly known, comes from the Palmyra Palm Borassus Flabelliformis, which is found in parts of Southern India.The best material is to be found in Palakkad, a region of southern India, which gives its name to this grade of Palmyra Fibre.
   
We are one of the major exporters of Palmyra fibre from southern India . Our palmyra fibres are of superior quality with reasonable price . Palmyra Fibre, or Bassine as it is more commonly known, comes from the Palmyra Palm Borassus Flabelliformis, which is found in parts of Southern India.The best material is to be found in Palakkad, a region of southern India, which gives its name to this grade of Palmyra Fibre.
   
PALMYRA FIBRE
Palmyra fibre is a natural fibre that derives from treatment of the leaf sheats of the Palmyra Palm and is produced in souther and eastern India. Bassine is inexpensive and durable, and its sweeping qualities are fair, but it is not resilient and may distort in use especially when wet. As with most of the other vegetable fibres it has good resistance to heat and most chemicals. Bassine is shipped in bundles ready to use in a brush-making machine, which makes it very attractive to the brush manufacturer. It is used in cheaper warehouse brooms, in mixtures for scrubbing brushes, and in cheaper household brushes and brooms. The fiber is sorted in grades, such as:
 
Medium stiff

Prime stiff

Extra prime stiff
   
Palmyra Fibre is very strong and hardwearing, making it ideally suitable for semi-stiff sweeping brooms. It is also suited to the manufacture of scrub brushes. However, its properties can be markedly improved by the addition of a second material, either Mexican Tampico Fibre to produce a completely natural filling material, or PVC/PPN to create a semi-synthetic Union Mixture.

The addition of Tampico Fibre increases the liquid carrying properties of Palmyra Fibre quite dramatically.Palmyra Fibre is very light in density, and is relatively low cost making it the perfect choice for low cost domestic brushware.

It is degrades completely naturally, with no harm to the environment, and is harvested from a renewable source, making it one of the "greenest" fibres available.

It has good resistance to friction and heat, and will withstand many chemicals and solvents.We hold good stocks of all lengths of Palmyra Fibre in both Natural and Dyed grades. We can, of course,fully dress and lubricate the fibre for use in high speed filling machines, and mix the fibre with a wide range of other Natural and Synthetic Fibres to make it suitable for almost any application


   
This material is derived from the stalks of the Palmyra palm in Southern India mainly in Kerala State. The best material comes from an area around Palakkad, and is available in various grades of stiffness.Bassine is inexpensive and durable, and its sweeping qualities are fair, but it is not resilient and may distort in use especially when wet. As with most of the other vegetable fibres it has good resistance to heat and most chemicals.
Bassine is shipped in bundles ready to use in a brush-making machine, which makes it very attractive to the brush manufacturer.It is used in cheaper warehouse brooms, in mixtures for scrubbing brushes, and in cheaper household brushes and brooms.
   
The natural colour of Palmyra fibre is a dark brown, that can be dyed, and when is black dyed is usually called Bassine
   
Palmyra fiber is obtained from the palmyra (palm) tree, which is 10 to 15 metre high plant. If used as reinforcing constituent in some matrix, it will result in a cost-effective and eco-friendly composite.
Palmyra fibre is easily and abundantly available in India, Srilanka, etc. It is not only cheaper but also possesses high specific strength and modulus. Due to its low specific weight, it can be a better alternative to existing synthetic fibre reinforced composites.
In this work, the raw palmyra fibres (botanical name is boralessus flabellifer) have been extracted from the tissues of primary stem of palm (toddy) plant, processed, prepared, and tested to determine their physical and mechanical properties. Ten individual fibres have been tested in natural (usually wet) condition and straight configuration. Density of different individual fibres of 200 mm length having mean diameter of 0.20 to 0.21 mm, and weight varying from 0.018 gm to 0.022 gm is obtained SIt varies from 606.7 kg/m3 to 789.3 kg/m3 (i.e. 0.606 gm/cm3 to 0.789 gm/cm3).
   
The tensile tests have been performed on Hounsfield tensometer using a scale of 0–30 kg (0–300 N) with a least count of 0.2 kg (2 N). Different fibres of 0.42 mm to 0.60 mm diameter have sustained
widely varying maximum load of 1.2 kg to 2.2 kg (12 N to 22 N) and have undergone an elongation of 8 mm to 20 mm.The recorded strains vary from 0.082 to 0.189. The tensile strength is found to vary from 500 kg/cm2 to 1923 kg/cm2 (50 MPa to 192.3 MPa).The stress-strain behaviour is plotted in figures. Its nature is widely varying from linear to non-linear. The cause of variation in properties of different fibres is their different age and growth.

Finding of this work has been compared with other natural fibres like flax, hemp, jute, coir, sisal and cotton. It is concluded that the density of palmyra is least among all known fibres. It is 0.7 only as compared to 1.25 for coir, 1.33 for sisal, 1.40 for flax, 1.46 for jute, 1.48 for hemp and 1.51 for cotton fibres. This is highly favourable property from the view point of lightweightness. Hence, the palmyra fibres are most suitable for making reinforcement in composite materials.
Palmyra Brush Fibre and Stalks are extracted from palm trees.

Available in :

Medium stiff, prime stuff &Extra Prime Stuff

Size : 1.5 to 20 inches length

   
Brush Fibers
   
Given the wide variety of specific cleaning tasks our brooms and brushes encounter it is imperative that we select each type and quality of fill used in order to achieve optimum results. Generally speaking, sweeping and cleaning tasks can be characterized as Fine, Medium, and Coarse. In some instances
chemical or heat resistance will govern the fill material used.

Horsehair: The two major benefits associated with horsehair are its durability and resilience. Coming primarily from the mane and tail of the horse, the degree of stiffness usually dictates the quality and price. Horsehair provides outstanding performance where fine to medium particulate come in contact with polished or smooth surfaces. By blending horsehair with other natural or synthetic materials, a wide variety of applications and specific cleaning applications are satisfied.

Bassine: Bassine is a natural fiber derived from palm trees grown in India. Bassine is known for its excellent durability, and outstanding performance where tasks requiring a tough, long lasting, natural fiber is required. For many years, bassine has been used in scrub brush applications, where medium to heavy duty scouring action is required.

Tampico: Natural tampico is a by-product fiber from the Agave plant that grows extensively in Mexico. Tampico exhibits excellent water holding qualities, and tampico's texture is well suited to polishing or buffing applications. Used as a stand-alone fill, or as a stiffener in conjunction with other fibers, tampico is a very versatile natural brush material.
   

Palmyra: The same palm trees that produce bassine also yield palmyra. More economical than bassine, palmyra is a medium-coarse fiber used extensively in scrub and floor brush applications.

Union Fiber: Union fiber is a skillful blend of tampico and palmyra. Union fiber is a strong, durable fill used for scrub brush and floor brush products.


Nylon: Nylon's superior strength and wear characteristics make it a most desirable fill material where conditions require a chemically resistant, bacteria resistant fiber to be used.
Poly-Bass: Large diameter polypropylene is commonly used in street and barn broom construction. Poly-bass is extremely long-wearing and very durable. For tasks requiring a heavy duty fiber, poly-bass is the natural choice.
Polyethylene: Typical applications for polyethylene are fruit and vegetable washing brushes, and applications where flexible, yet durable fiber is required.
Polypropylene: Polypropylene is perhaps the most versatile brush fiber available. Resistant to most acids and solvents, polypropylene exhibits outstanding durability and its versatility allows it to be utilized in several of our manufacturing processes.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC): Polyvinyl Chloride monofilament is one of the most widely used synthetic fibers in the world. PVC combines superior anti-set properties, excellent color retention, and exceptional solvent resistance
   
 


Kerala State Palmyrah Products Development and workers’ Welfare Corporation Limited. (KELPALM)

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